Thursday, August 26, 2010

Accounting requirements in Thailand

Accounting in Thailand is no different to other countries, although due to the language barrier the government forms and papers can seem confusing. In the end though, accounting is accounting is accounting! There are monthly submissions and taxes to be paid, as well as twice yearly tax returns to be filed.

The key forms and requirements are as follows:
  • Withholding Tax (PND 3, 53)- transactions - submitted to the Revenue Department by the 15th of every month
  • Value Added Tax (PP 30)- submitted to the Revenue Department by the 7th every month
  • Withholding Tax Return (PND 54)
  • Mid-Year Tax Return (PND 51)
  • Annual Tax Return (PND 50) - due within 6 months of your accounting year-end.
  • Withholding tax summary (PND 1)
  • Social Security (SPS 1-10)- submitted by the 20th of every month
  • Withholding Tax Certificate (BIS 50)
  • Provident Fund management
  • Workman's Compensation
Your accounting and auditing should be managed by a professional, whether this is in-house or via a trusted service provider. Part of this process should be the creation of monthly reports that assist you in reviewing and planning your business activities. There are benefits to both of these arrangements, and this will be discussed in the next article.

Written by Stuart Blott, General Manager, FCA (Thailand) - Member of the Sutlet Group.

Monday, August 9, 2010

Thailand income tax exemptions: the importance of proper payroll

The vast majority of organisations in Thailand do not calculate income tax properly for their employees. This is an incredible oversight and one that is potentially costing organisations hundreds of thousands of Baht every year.

Employees in Thailand pay an income tax based on their earnings. This income tax is, however, subject to deductions in accordance with various factors, including whether they are married, have children, are the only working partner in a marriage, whether the children are in education, whether they pay interest on a property, and others related to investments and donations.

Take a look at the following example:
  • Mr. Smith and Mr. Johnson both earn Baht 100,000/month.
  • Mr Smith is married, his wife is a stay at home Mum, he has two children (both in education) and pays Baht 10,000/month interest on his condo.
  • Mr. Johnson is single, has no children, and rents his condo.
Over the course of 12 months, Mr. Johnson will have to pay Baht 17,760 more income tax than Mr Smith. For larger organisations with dozens or hundreds of staff, and who pay income tax on behalf of their employees, this is a substantial difference. For individuals who receive a salary after tax, this equates to a flight home every year.

These figures should all be listed and recorded in your organisations payroll system. An accurate payroll system is crucial in calculating these significant cost savings, and also provides staff with confidential documented evidence regarding their salary that can be used to obtain loans and other financial services.

If you feel that your organisation, or your employer, is not taking full advantage of potential income tax exemptions here in Thailand, or that your payroll system could be improved, ask the question - or contact one of the organisations below.

Written by Stuart Blott, General Manager, Sutlet Group Co., Ltd.
Contribution by Danaya Chinda, HR & Customer Service, PB Legal Services Co., Ltd.

Thursday, August 5, 2010

Welcome to Thailand Accounting & Finance

Thailand Accounting & Finance aims to provide an online resource for all issues related to accounting and finance in Thailand. Over the coming months and years we will explore accounting and finance practices, trends, ideas and problems and then present solutions and views from a range of experts. Importantly, all articles and content posted here will relate specifically to Thailand and, where possible, will take in to account local knowledge, regulations and nuances.

Thailand Accounting and Finance is produced by FCA (Thailand), a leading provider of accounting and financial services in Thailand, and a Member of the Sutlet Group. To learn more about business in Thailand, don't forget to check out these informative blogs:

Thai Biz 101
Thailand Marketing
Thailand HR
Thailand Legal Services